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India Launches Chandrayaan-3 Mission to Soft Land on Moon

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India successfully launched the Chandrayaan-3 mission on July 14, 2023, at 2:35 PM IST from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. The spacecraft was launched by the Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM3). The mission is expected to soft land on the lunar surface on August 23-24, 2023.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a follow-up to the Chandrayaan-2 mission, which was India’s first attempt to land on the moon. The Chandrayaan-2 mission was successful in entering lunar orbit, but the lander Vikram lost contact with ground control during the final descent.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a chance for India to redeem itself and to become the fourth country to successfully land on the moon. The mission is also expected to gather valuable scientific data about the moon.

Objectives of the Chandrayaan-3 Mission

The main objectives of the Chandrayaan-3 mission are to:

  • Soft land on the lunar surface in the south polar region.
  • Deploy the Pragyan rover to explore the lunar surface.
  • Conduct scientific experiments to study the composition and geology of the moon.
  • Search for water ice in the lunar polar regions.

Duration of the Chandrayaan-3 Mission

The Chandrayaan-3 mission is expected to last for about one year. The lander and rover will be operational for about 14 days each.

Time Taken to Reach the Moon

The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft will take about 55 days to reach the moon. The spacecraft will travel a distance of about 384,400 kilometers.

Launch Vehicle

The Chandrayaan-3 mission was launched by the Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM3). The LVM3 is a three-stage heavy-lift launch vehicle. The first stage of the LVM3 is powered by solid fuel, the second stage is powered by liquid fuel, and the third stage is powered by a cryogenic engine.

Success Percentage

The success percentage of the Chandrayaan-3 mission is estimated to be about 60%. The success of the mission will depend on a number of factors, including the accuracy of the launch, the performance of the spacecraft, and the weather conditions on the moon.

Conclusion

The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a significant milestone in India’s space program. The success of the mission would be a major boost for India’s scientific and technological capabilities. The mission would also help India to become a leading player in the global space race.

I hope this article has been informative. Please let me know if you have any other questions.

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